Thứ Hai, 19 tháng 11, 2012

Human rights in the eyes of communist Vietnam in accordance with the policy guidelines Socialism and Ho Chi Minh Thought





The report in 2012 of the International Organization for Human Rights (Human Rights Watch) about the increasing persecution of Vietnamese communist state government for the basic freedom of the people in the country have been reflected clearly clear and honest about the current picture of human rights situation in Vietnam. In the context of the economy more severely degraded due to the corruption rife everywhere and in many areas around each other, from the health system, education ... to the field of Finance .. Where ... where also flooded two from the "Corruption". Most serious corruption related to land not only hand in driving the economy of the country to the brink of the abyss, but also is the main cause leading to political instability and Social Affairs as well as creating atmosphere tension between the people and the government.

Corruption increased and prolonged survival for many decades not only erode the trust of the people for the government in a number of areas where even completely lost faith in the policies of the Party and government State of Vietnam. From the Secretary General of the Communist Party of Vietnam, Nguyen Phu Trong to HE President Truong Tan Sang, as well as head of government, prime minister Nguyen Tan Dung, people no longer trust in Personality ethics, as well as their true leader to steer and lead the country to stability and sustainable development. In protracted conference center in Hanoi recently under the chairmanship of the Politburo and the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Vietnam, we see dense flowery words are "self- point ", which is" self-criticism "and any is" Self errors, defects "..... but the end result just like a symphony, choir of a country band business, drums play agreeable,  trumpet blow backward and a ...... for the cause of the country, because the image and future of the Communist Party of Vietnam, as appreciation from the public contribution to major component party members .....! Meeting of the Central Executive Committee of the Communist Party of Vietnam ... to weigh the benefits and losses, has come to the consensus as a soft answer turns away wrath, create more opportunities for the Politburo and Comrade X, Member of the politburo repair defects, repair mistakes to continue to dedicate .....for the land of our beloved country Vietnam!!!

After the events that there's no solution to the problems, what will happen that maybe people already know. As the situation of a person with a gun on head but still escape from death, more arrogant and more brutal. Discussing human rights! Freedom and Democracy -! you just require comfortable, themselves comfortable demonstrations, and comfortable on the opposition. International human rights are basic things that every person after birth is inherited by each other and like each other. Communist Party and State governments Vietnam, we always respect the basics. However, due to the unique culture and identity of the nation, as well as due to the political and social context differences between countries together should the Government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam has own reasons, has own laws and its own rules for their country when applying around in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in Social Vietnam and the Vietnamese people's private lives. General views of the leaders of the Party and the government of Vietnam has so clearly. You are the people, you are the owner of country, you have right to express, you have the freedom to fulfill the basic human rights but must be consistent with "the current provisions of the State law....!!!  ".

That's already, basically, and political theory, the State of Vietnam on the form always respect their commitments on human rights. Like this, the churches, temples and other heir places still be allowed to open, still allowed to pray or attend Mass, then why say there is no religious freedom? Feel free to comment and said but in the framework and where the law allows, is not anyone causing trouble or harassment why sure that do not have the right to freedom of speech ...? Hundreds of newspapers, magazines and books are sold abound in the streets so why say Vietnam is not Press Freedom ...? Bishops, priests and religious men and women still go to church, temple ceremonies State even additional contribution Priests state, Monks-owned and owned monks exacerbating the rich of Religious Belief, why saying that the State suppressed the Religion ...!!! in general, if say the communist government repression and violation of human rights of the people is really unjust to the Vietnamese government. Is there, this is only instigated, provoked by the reactionary forces behind the purpose of defamation good image of the people's revolutionary government, with scheming to overthrow the government ..... . and all those people need to be punished before the law under Article 88, Article 79 and Article 258 of the Criminal Code of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. This cell is the noble language of our beloved late President Ho Chi Minh, the beloved teacher and a great leader of the Vietnamese communists. Requirements entire Party, army and people, and all officers and employees of government institutions have in mind, thorough and thoroughly executed. The Human Rights in the eyes of the Comunist of Vietnam is like that...


Human Rights Watch

World Report 2012: Việt Nam

Events in 2011

Vietnamese government systematically suppressed freedom of expression, association and peaceful meeting. The writer, blogger and independent human rights activists who spoke to question government policies, detect corrupt officials or party calls for regime change in democratic solutions often Police harassment, strict monitoring, isolated detention for long periods and do not have access to legal resources, and treatment of more severe sentences than with vague charges of national security violations.

The police are often accused of violating torture to force confessions and, in some cases, have used excessive force in dealing with crowded demonstrations against their invasion shelter, land acquisition or violence of the police. The protests against China in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City in 2011, disbanded by police, who joined protesters threatened, harassed, and in some cases detained in a few days.

Vietnamese Communist Party Congress held on January 11th, 2011 and National Assembly elections staged by the government in May to establish the leadership of the Communist Party and the government in the next five years follow. Through both events mentioned above, did not see any signs of a serious commitment to improve poor record on human rights in Vietnam. Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung began his second term in July, with the strong support of the Ministry of Public Security and other conservative elements.

Persecution of dissidents

2011 witnessed a continuous string of arrests and a political trial, perhaps partly stems from concerns of the Vietnamese government about the possibility of the democratic movement the Arab Spring may spread to Asia.

In the first ten months of 2011, at least 24 human rights activists were sent to prison. Except for one, all of which were prosecuted on charges of "propaganda against the state" (article 88 of the Penal Code), "undermining national unity policy" (article 87), or " activities aimed at overthrowing the government "(Article 79). Three vague law has been applied to imprison hundreds of peaceful activists during the past decade. In addition, police also arrested at least 27 religious and political activists in 2011. Blogger Nguyen Van Hai, known under the name Dieu Cay, was being held without news from November 2010. Two bloggers pro-democracy, Nguyen Ba Dang and Phan Thanh Hai, has been detained without trial since 2010.

In a large trial in April 2011, well-known legal activist Cu Huy Ha Vu was sentenced to seven years in prison on charges of propaganda against the state. In the appeal, the sentence remains the same.

In May, the People's Court of Ben Tre Province treated seven peaceful campaigners for land ownership, including Pastor Duong Kim Khai Hoa Hao Buddhists Tran Thi Thuy on charges of anti-government and the their many years in prison.

The government continued to harass, interrogate, and in some cases, arrested and imprisoned those who criticized online. In January 2011, police arrested blogger writing about human rights Ho Thi Bich Khuong. In May, democracy activists Nguyen Kim Nhan was arrested for anti-government propaganda reasons, only five months old after his prison sentence for the said offense. In August, blogger Lu Van Bay was sentenced to four years in prison for writing articles democracy activists on the internet. Also in August, a blogger Pham Minh Hoang was sentenced to three years in prison for anti-government.

The activities of ethnic minorities also arrested and imprisoned. In January, a court in Lang Son province sentenced blogger Vi Duc Hoi, ethnic Tay, to eight years in prison on charges of propaganda against the government, then reduced the sentence to five years on appeal in April. In March, land rights activists Chau Heng, a member of the Khmer Krom minority in An Giang sentenced to two years in prison on charges of "damaging property" and "disturbing public order. "In April, Gia Lai Provincial People's Court sentenced to eight Montagnard Protestants from eight to twelve years in prison under Article 87 of the penal code, with the contents of the charge of" undermining national unity policy . "

The right to freedom of speech, Groups and Information

The government does not allow independent media or private activities in the country, and tight control of the media and the internet. There are criminal sanctions for authors, publishers, websites, and internet users have released material behavior alleged against the government, threaten national security, reveal secrets State or propagate the idea of ​​"reactionary." government blocked access to politically sensitive sites, set out provisions compel the internet cafe to monitor and store information about the activities of network users, pressure and harassment of independent bloggers and online critics.

In August, the Chinese protest dispersed by force. Participants protesters threatened, harassed and arrested for peacefully marched close to the Chinese embassy and around Hoan Kiem Lake. Government newspapers, including newspapers and television stations, continually put the negative images of people participating in demonstrations and paste them the label "reactionary."

Religious Freedom

Government control of religious activities by the regulations, registration requirements, together with the book is harassed and monitored. Religious organizations were required to register with the government and operate under the government-run religion. Despite allowing many religious basis is entitled in connection with the celebration of the ordinances, the government has banned all religious activities which they arbitrarily go against the "national interest," Image entitled to national unity, disturbing public order or "sow divisions."

Local police continue to prevent the Hoa Hao Buddhist groups have not been accredited to conduct government organizations anniversary Hoa Hao Huynh Phu So. In the Buddhist holidays in July and August, the Da Nang police blocked the road in two Giac Minh and An Cu and threaten Buddhists. Both temples are associated with the Unified Buddhist Church of Vietnam is not recognized by the government.

In January, the Protestant pastor Nguyen Trung Ton was arrested for unknown reasons. Three activists for the Catholic Xiamen often - Blei, Dry and Pset - was arrested in March. Two activists of Hoa Hao, Nguyen Van Lia and Tran Hoai An, was arrested in April and July. Also in April, the Protestant pastor Nguyen Cong Chinh was arrested and charged with "undermining national unity policy." At least 15 Catholics associated with the Redemptorists in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City, including two bloggers Le Van Son and Ta Phong Tan was arrested within months of July, August and September.

In July, religion and democracy activists known, Father Nguyen Van Ly, was forced to return to prison after nearly 16 months of treatment / house arrest. Father Ly was paralyzed part of the body due to old sequelae of stroke in prison, and the situation continues to cause serious concern about his health.

Justice System

News about police violence, including torture and beatings to death, continue to appear in all regions. Only the first 10 months of 2011, at least 13 people have died in police custody.

Accused of violating the political and religious, or the case is considered sensitive often tortured during interrogation in solitary confinement before trial and never see relatives or legal advice. The court in Vietnam has been under the tight control of the government and the Communist Party of Vietnam, the lack of independence and impartiality. The political dissidents and religious often punished without legal assistance in the courts do not ensure justice in accordance with international standards. The defense lawyer for the politically sensitive cases threatened, harassed, expelled (from union lawyers) and was imprisoned.

Vietnamese law continues to empower "administrative probation" arbitrarily without trial. Ordinance No. 44 (2002) and No. 76 (2003), the peaceful dissidents and those who are regarded as elements which may cause damage to national security or public order community may be forced into the mental health establishment, under house arrest or probation in the center of "healing" and "education" by the executive government.

The drug can be brought to the rehabilitation center focus of the government, where they are forced to participate in "occupational therapy" of prescription drug methods in Vietnam. As of early 2011, the country has 123 probation centers are about 40,000 people, including minors age 12. The arrest these people without having to go through a proper legal process or subject to judicial review under any form, and usually last up to four years. If you violate the rules of the center - including regulations on labor, students were beaten with batons, shot with electric batons, and being held in the discipline with diet cut reduced. Detoxification alumni said they had been forced to work in cashew processing line and other agricultural work, including potato and coffee; construction work; apparel and processing industries such as bamboo and rattan processing. Under Vietnamese law, mining companies offering exempt from the center. Some products are the result of forced labor process mentioned above have found their way into the supply chain objectives of the export company supplying foreign markets, including the United States and Europe.

Key International Partners

Complex relationship with China plays an important role in domestic and foreign policy in Vietnam. Internally, more criticism on the national spirit from the lobbyists and some retired military officers have on government's weak response to behavior that majority of the Vietnamese people South to China's aggressive expression for the two archipelagoes of Hoang Sa and Truong Sa is in dispute. In 2011, government efforts to silence unanimously oppose China is becoming more open and clear.

On foreign policy, the government has tried to strengthen cooperation with the United States, India, Japan and neighboring ASEAN countries to create a counterweight to the influence of China.

Although Japan has a favorable position as a the largest bilateral donor of Vietnam, the country continues to not make public comments about declining record on human rights in Vietnam.

Relations between Vietnam and the United States continue to grow in the direction of closer together. In September, Vietnam has opened a new consulate in New York, and a U.S. consulate in Ho Chi Minh City is expanding with the opening of an American Center was opened. The United States and Vietnam are also involved negotiating with a number of other countries joining the Trans-Pacific Partnership, a multilateral free trade agreements.

In January and May, the UN's independent expert on Vietnam in 2010 published his comments. UN envoy on human rights and poverty make a report is generally positive, but recommends that the government of Vietnam should adopt and implement key human rights treaties, including Convention against Torture and Treat Behavior cruel, inhuman or Corporal Punishment. UN special envoy for minority issues published a highly critical report, noted some progress, but stating concerns about the risk of infringement of religious freedom and "serious violations of civil rights." envoy also said frankly that the obstacles in her mission cause "limited access to view other people who agree with official views of the Government. "

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