Thứ Sáu, 19 tháng 10, 2012

Human Rights Watch: Vietnamese law does not respect human rights




Worst human rights situation in Vietnam and Vietnam for election to the UN Human Rights Council are prominent topics currently attracting strong interest from the International Community and public opinion inside and outside the water. Especially since the communist government of Vietnam for heavy sentences for 3 including Blogger Nguyen Van Hai, bloggers Dieu Cay up to 12 years in prison and five years of probation, Ms. Ta Phong Tan, a former police officer and also the owner of the blog Truth and Justice sentenced to 10 years in prison and five years of probation and lighter case sentenced to four years in prison and three years of probation for his Phan Qinghai, Blogger AnhBaSaiGon. All of them are also members of the Free Journalists Club and along the Vietnamese communist authorities punished severely for their legitimate implementation of the right to freedom of expression lawful and mildly.

For the first time, the International Community including the United States, the countries of the European Community and Human Rights organizations in the world are simultaneously criticized Vietnam harshly after the communist government Vietnam ignored the warnings from the International Community and then severely punished for dissident bloggers above sentence wrong and unreasonable. Serious violations of human rights above of the communist government of Vietnam is not only contrary to their international commitments on human rights, but also a great challenge to the International Community, and for with all those who love Freedom and Democracy around the world. What led to the Vietnamese communist authorities take such action, despite the violation of national law and the Constitution, as well as in spite of both international law and contrary to human moral conscience ?.

We can implicitly understood that, in the current situation when the economy is severely degraded due to rampant corruption in the system of government, leading to instability in the society, make a part of the heart people, and push people to confront the government in addition to the desire, Vietnam had nothing to lose excepting increased persecution, oppression for those who do not share the same opinion or have , political differences with the current administration. Vietnamese people both inside and outside the country as well as the International Community are generally expected that Vietnam will follow the example of Burma to improve its human rights situation worse and rapidly expanding real democracy to enlist the support and assistance from the International Community. However, what has been happening in Vietnam now and in the past showed that the Communist Party and the State government Vietnam continued obstinate and maintain policies hostile to their people.

It is time for people of the country need to speak in unison, to enlist the support from the International Community to stop the escalation of oppression of the Vietnamese communist government to the people in the country. Especially from the United States and the countries of the European community block which is still regarded as the cradle of democracy worldwide. As well as his remarks and said Phil Robertson, deputy director for Asia of the International Organization of Human Rights Watch (HRW) said that Vietnam could not document the difference between Vietnam Human Rights Nam and other countries in the world to then blatantly trample the fundamental rights of the people without sanctions or punishment from the International Community. We should learn and see from the experience of Burma, a country in Southeast Asia and has many similarities with Vietnam policy governs the people in a authoritarian dictatorship by corporations military seized power. But, after a long period of sanctions and embargo from the International Community, especially from the United States government. Now Burma has almost change one's look, especially since as Burma approaches and expand democracy. For Vietnam, the problem is completely dependent on the opinions, attitudes and behavior of the group leaders and the Communist Party of Vietnam.


Friday, 19/10/2012

News / Việt Nam

Human Rights Watch: Vietnamese law does not respect human rights

Said Phil Robertson, deputy director of Human Rights Watch, in charge of Asia to visit VOA


World are concerned by the situation worsening human rights violations in Vietnam, with the bulk criticism from the European Union, the United Nations, and the United States, especially after a total of 26 years in prison for blogger Dieu Cay, Ta Phong Tan, and AnhbaSG. Occasion said Phil Robertson, deputy director of Human Rights Watch, in charge of Asia, visit VOA, Tra Mi a talk with him revolved around the recognition and the upcoming plans of the organization Human Tracking rights for its human rights record of Hanoi.

Listen to interview with Human Rights Watch deputy director Phil Robertson HRW Phil Robertson

Listen to interview with Human Rights Watch deputy director Phil RobertsonNghe Human Rights Watch interview with deputy director Phil Robertson

VOA: Under the supervision of the Human Rights Watch Human Rights Watch, he noted how the panoramic picture rights in Vietnam today?

Phil Robertson: We see the human rights situation in Vietnam is gradually declining. Space for people to exercise freedom of expression, freedom of assembly and freedom of association is increasingly shrinking while police increasingly heavy-handed dealing with dissidents. We are concerned that Vietnam will have more drastic action for citizens to use the internet with internet decree allows police crackdown who posted personal opinions contrary to the state. For years, Vietnam has the advantage when Burma is among the ASEAN countries with bad human rights record. Hanoi previously possible only in Burma but says that Burma's human rights record is worse than we do, let's go to Burma, not to do our hard too. Now the situation has changed. Burma have made significant progress on human rights, international human rights organizations and donor countries have different perspectives on human rights in Vietnam. Academics, activities, and the diplomats are discussing whether Vietnam can place Burma became the country with the worst human rights in Southeast Asia.

VOA: Between the point at which he had just given, there are positive signs that demonstrate Hanoi not completely ignored, but at least somewhat mindful of the concerns of the international situation of human rights in Vietnam or not?

Phil Robertson: There are some areas where we see some progress signals, such as the rights of gay, lesbian or transgender. Hanoi took place the cycling promotion of this right. Or such as the recognition of civil partnership is being discussed. It's the little progress we see, but the panoramic picture rights in Vietnam is not bright. Have impressed the Vietnamese people still willing to publicly claim their rights knowing that government retaliation. The brave dissidents are still willing to express their opinions and free speech rights of citizens.

VOA: International continued pressure on Vietnam to improve human rights, but, as he describes, Hanoi's human rights are constantly getting worse. Why, according to him?

Phil Robertson: We see international pressure is not enough for Vietnam. U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton made reference to human rights in Hanoi during a visit to Vietnam this year, which is a positive thing. But many countries have yet to speak publicly or so. Free trial of three journalists Dieu Cay, Ta Phong Tan, and AnhbaSG is an exception when the U.S., Europe, and the United Nations have voiced concern because the three are well known bloggers . But in addition, there are many other lesser known bloggers and activists fighting for land rights, their case is not the international community and the United Nations known and noticed. It's a shame because these cases deserve equal attention. Human rights they also trampled like the characters are so well known.

VOA: the Vietnamese authorities say they do not deny the human rights of citizens. They only punish those who break the law in order to ensure a social compliance laws. A party called human rights activists, a party called the crime. How to solve the problem when the Vietnamese accused and the accuser is an international look at things from different directions like that?

Phil Robertson: The basic problem is that Vietnamese law inconsistent with commitments they have signed with international human rights. The law punishes acts 'propaganda against the state' clear violation of Article 19 of the UN Convention on civil and political rights of citizens which Vietnam has signed. Hanoi trying to convince the world that they are not human rights abuses, but the problem is that their laws do not respect human rights. They use general laws to punish any activity they believe are contrary to the interests of the government. They imprisoned for over ten years for the implementation of the right to express their personal views as Dieu Cay or Ta Phong Tan. It's too cruel. This is in stark contrast with Hanoi's commitment to respect human rights and how to behave so completely unworthy to Vietnam sat in the chair of the UN Human Rights Council.

VOA: Vietnam's argument is that each country has its own characteristics on history and political environment, so in order to ensure compliance with social rules, it is necessary to apply the law in accordance with the characteristics separate them.

Phil Robertson: They argue that the exception compared to other international human rights standards is subject to internal and environmental conditions. But the problem is that the human rights of people in all parts of the earth must be the same. The argument of the government of the show because he is Vietnamese living in Vietnam, so his little respect for human rights than people in Thailand or in the United States. This view is not accepted by the international community. In the early '90s when the former Prime Minister of Malaysia Mahathir bin Mohamad and former Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew of Singapore made similar arguments, the issue is given the Vienna Conference on Human Rights, which led to the Vienna Declaration emphasizes that human right to have the same value worldwide. And Vietnam agree with the views. So, we see clearly the Hanoi government say one thing do another. Need to stop this.

VOA: So how could ensure social order to let people say what they say, can criticize the state to overthrow such governments. If someone put this question to you, your response?

Phil Robertson: In the international human rights standards have some provisions may limit the right to freedom of expression in cases related to public order or national security, but there must be satisfactory elements and reasonable. Extort a blog represents the personal views as the blogger Dieu Cay in prison for 12 years is clearly inappropriate and unacceptable. What Vietnam was to prove to the world that they can sign agreements with international but need not comply and is not responsible for the violation.

VOA: How to help Vietnam clear distance between words and actions, as you just described?

Phil Robertson: It is important that Vietnamese people have continued to ask for basic rights in a peaceful manner, the State seeks to promote recognition of those rights. It is equally important that the international community should speak up more, raise the issue with Vietnam in the public forum. Vietnam needs to consider their position and what they would like to get on the international stage. As countries have the responsibility to remind Vietnam that the citizens Ha Noi are doing with clear breach their commitments and must stop immediately.

VOA: With the jail on charges of 'propaganda against the state' or 'activities aimed at overthrowing the people's administration' in Vietnam more and more aggressive, you say, Hanoi wanted to send how message with the world?

Phil Robertson: I think that the Vietnamese government is trying to intimidate those who want to challenge the views of the state. Apart from the cases of dissidents imprisoned, we also recorded many police violence, torture, deaths in detention time. These victims have absolutely no political opinions. The Vietnamese leader to expand further Burma reforms, allowing private newspapers, which allows freedom of assembly, or release of political prisoners. There is no reason that Vietnam does not do as Burma. We had the meeting with the Vietnamese government last year held a meeting between the U.S. State Department with relevant Vietnamese delegation US-Vietnam Human Rights Dialogue. Their mission was to meet with our Human Rights Watch office in Washington. Although open dialogue, but we do not compromise human rights criteria that must be respected. The human rights situation is braking with the rise of Vietnam.

VOA: What human rights monitoring organization Human Rights Watch intends to do more to help protect human rights in Vietnam, sir?

Phil Robertson: We will give full report on the internet squeeze in Vietnam, victims of police torture-lethal violence, the extravagant and irresponsible of the police in cases of violations of human rights. We will continue to closely monitor and cause pressure on Vietnam to release those imprisoned for expressing their views peacefully as Dieu Cay. We will use these reports to other documents to promote the Vietnamese promote reform. The report of the world we find that the Vietnamese people are human rights violations such as how and why the case as Cu Huy Ha Vu, or Dieu Cay get people attention and interest. We continue to call on the support to bring human rights and justice for the people of Vietnam.

VOA: If the Vietnamese government still continue the way they go, will there be consequences?

Phil Robertson: It's hard to say what is going to make a change or reform. Looking to Burma, for example, two years ago, no one can predict there will be significant changes to what is happening today. We continue to cause pressure Ha Noi to change and respect for human rights. But what happens in the future depends entirely on the people of Vietnam.

VOA: Please thank Mr. Phil Robertson, deputy director for Asia of Human Rights Watch organization has spent time for this conversation.

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